Hyperpigmentation is a common condition in which some patches of skin turn darker in color. This is a harmless condition caused when there is too much brown pigment, called melanin, in the skin. This condition can affect people of all races.
Age spots, sometimes called liver spots, are a form of hyperpigmentation. They usually occur because of damage to the skin from the sun. Doctors call these spots solar lentigines. The small, dark spots are found generally on the hands and face, but any area exposed to a lot of sun can be affected.
There are two types of spots that are similar to age spots, but they cover larger areas of skin. These are referred to as melasma or chloasma spots and, while they are similar to age spots, they are a result of hormonal changes. Some pregnant women overproduce melanin and they get a condition called "mask of pregnancy" on their faces or abdomens. Women who take birth control pills may also develop hyperpigmentation since their bodies react, hormonally, as if they were pregnant.
Hyperpigmentation is not the only cause of skin color change. Acne can cause darkening of the skin and so can skin injuries and some surgery. Freckles are darkened places on the skin of the face and arms and are a hereditary condition.
Any darkened skin patch can get even darker when that area of the skin is exposed to the sun because melanin absorbs ultraviolet rays from the sun in order to protect the skin from overexposure. This is actually what we refer to as "tanning."
The formation of hyperpigmentation is a slow, gradual and cumulative process. You cannot remove, or even reverse it in one day!
Treatment for hyperpigmented skin is based on a multi-stage approach of salon treatments combined with a daily regimen using the products at home. This will lead to a gradual, though significant, improvement in skin completion.
First, you should understand the circumstances that cause the appearance of spots - unprotected and unnecessary exposure to the sun, smoking, stress, inadequate rest, poor nutrition or neglecting skin care - and, wherever possible in terms of lifestyle change and / or medical requirements avoid them. Then your esthetician can help you develop a treatment program to match your particular skin type eg dry, oily or sensitive. The goal will be to:
- Hydrate the skin to ease exfoliation and the intake of the active components of the treatment.
- Employ active lightening agents and antioxidants to obtain lighter, brighter, more vital skin.
- Use calming, mild formulations to avoid irritation. (Irritated skin is prone to hyperpigmentation).
- Gently encourage skin renewal by exfoliation and smoothing of skin roughness resulting from the accumulation of dead cells.
Finally, here's a dietary tip by which you can help yourself to maintain an even skin tone. Eat High-Antioxidant Foods! These fruits will give the skin anti-aging assistance, from inside out:
- Berries (strawberries, blueberries, raspberries) are loaded with vitamins and minerals as well as antioxidants to slow down the aging process.
- Dark skinned grapes provide more than 20 age-defying antioxidants.
- Citrus Fruits (lemons, limes, oranges and grapefruits) are all loaded with Vitamin C, the primary defense for anti-aging.
- Cantaloupe supplies as much Vitamin A and C most people need in an entire day when one quarter of this delicious melon is eaten.
How does Anna Lotan Care for Hyperpigmented Skin